How do immigrant mother tongues compare in Toronto and Vancouver?
In 2016, 75.5% of people with an immigrant mother tongue lived in one of the six largest census metropolitan areas (CMAs): Montréal, Ottawa–Gatineau, Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver.
In Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver, the five main immigrant mother tongues are primarily Asian languages. In Vancouver, the population of the three most‑reported immigrant mother tongues (Cantonese, Mandarin and Punjabi) represents 49.2% of all people who reported an immigrant mother tongue in 2016. These mother tongues are also the top three in Toronto, where people who reported them made up 24.8% of the population with an immigrant mother tongue.